While googling to find God is a recent phenomenon, dialling a jinni for help has been practised for a long time. Fanditha, a mixture of folk medicine, charms and black magic, based on ancient beliefs and superstitions has its roots in the Hindhu-Vedic culture of our ancestors and has been around from the days of the first Maldivians. The jinni was added to this mix with the arrival of the Arab invaders in the latter part of 12th century.
The father of Jenni is Devil ( Iblis ) while the father of mankind is Adam , peace upon him . Regarding the nature of their creation , God the Almighty told us that they were created from fire when he said ( We created the demons from the fire of poisons ), his saying ( The demons are created from a tip of flaming fire ) . The scholars from the ancestors explained the words ( Marej Min Nar) as the tip of flame, as reported by each of Ibn Abbas , Ekrema , Mujahed , Al-Hassan , and so on . (from alroqia.com)
The last judicial execution in Maldives also involved the arcane and the supernatural. On Tuesday 7 April 1953, the trial of the black magicians for the poisoning murder of Huvadhu Atoll Chief Veeru Ali Didi was held at the Civilisation Club. Abdullah Jalaluddheen Sheikhul Islam the Chief Justice of Maldives passed a death sentence and Nilandhoo Hakeem Didi was promptly tied to a coconut palm on Hulule' and shot to death. During the Presidency of Rannabadeyri Kilegefaan Ibrahim Nasir, fanditha appears to have been pushed to the fringes as Maldives tried to enter the modern world. Nasir Kilegafaan was a science and technology man.
Now fanditha has made a big comeback. The demand for it has grown since Maumoon took power. Apparently, Maumoon's father was also a black magician. From acquiring weath and wives to curing chikungunya, an increasing number of people are turning to fanditha. There is wide variety of solutions. The thaveedhu, and the glass of water over which the magic words are recited, are the most common. Then there is the the broadband access to the world of jinni. This is achieved by top black magicians by accessing a jinni through a person who has fits.
Fanditha is resurging and black magicians are doing brisk business. This is not at all surprising considering the fact that even the current Minister of Health himself apparently uses fanditha. According to a Police investigation conducted at the request of the Minister for the President's Office, he enlisted black magic help from the daughter of Hakeem Didi, because his fingers were disintegrating, and cysts and dermatitis were forming on his body, and for many other things including a bid for the Presidency. This investigation finally climaxed with a court case.
"Any person who wishes to practise Dhivehi medicine, Fanditha, Circumcision, and Midwifery must write to the Ministry of Health for a permit, and must receive a permit before practising anything mentioned above.In relation to these matters, the Ministry of Health has the discretion to choose to grant an appropriate permit to those who make a request, and may also cancel any of these permits."
Translation of Act No:74/78, 5 June 1978, Statutes of the Maldives, Administration Office of the People's Majlis, Malé 1997.
With many thanks to Maldives Culture.